Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚įšŪ菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.

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Retrieved 21 May Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beet. The roots of cultivated forms are dark red, white, or yellow and moderately to strongly swollen and fleshy subsp. In some parts of Africa, the whole leaf blades are usually prepared with the midribs as one dish. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The word “chard” descends from the fourteenth-century French cardefrom Latin carduus meaning artichoke thistle or cardoonincluding the artichoke.

Archived from the original on Betoideae and notes on the taxonomy of Beta ” PDF.

Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris

Archived from the original E-book on The pigments are contained in cell vacuoles. Chard belongs to the chenopodswhich are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae cic,a lato. The roots and leaves of the beet have been used in traditional medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments.


Very small flowers sit in one- to three- rarely eight- bea glomerules in the axils of short bracts or in the upper half of the inflorescence without bracts. Retrieved 19 January An International Journal of Medicine. They are also pickled. For other uses, see Chard disambiguation. Chard is a biennial.

The composition of different betalain vzr can vary, resulting in strains of beetroot which are yellow or other colors in addition to the familiar deep red. It remains a widely cultivated commercial crop for producing table sugar, in part due to subsidies scaled to keep it competitive with tropical sugar cane. It is the economically most important crop of the large order Caryophyllales.

He also ordered that 28, hectares 69, acres be devoted to growing the new sugar beet. Other pigments contained in beet are indicaxanthin and vulgaxanthins yellow to orange pigments known as betaxanthins.

Beet greens and Swiss chard are both considered high oxalate foods which are implicated in the varr of kidney stones. In Eastern Europe beet soup, such as cold borschis a popular dish.

EPPO Global Database

This is called beeturia. Cornell Ciicla Based Learning. Chenopodiaceae pro parte majore. The fruit utricle is enclosed by the leathery and incurved perianth, and is immersed in the swollen, hardened perianth base.


Domestication of plants in the old world: Koch Flavescens GroupB. In fruit, the glomerules of flowers form connate hard clusters. Sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp.

Beta vulgaris – Wikipedia

The upper leaves are smaller, their blades are rhombic to narrowly lanceolate. The leaves and stems of young plants are steamed briefly and eaten as a vegetable; older leaves and stems are stir-fried and have a flavour resembling taro leaves.

Researchers have not yet answered whether beets produce geosmin themselves or whether it is produced by symbiotic soil microbes living in the plant. Cultivated beets are grown worldwide in regions without severe frosts. Now rankless cultivar groups are used, according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants. Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Beetroot remains have been excavated in the Third dynasty Saqqara pyramid at Thebes, Egyptand four charred beetroots were found in the Neolithic site of Aartswoud in the Netherlands though it has not been determined whether these were domesticated or wild forms of B.

Archived from the original PDF on In the Northern Hemisphere, chard is typically ready to harvest as early as April and lasts through May.