Hanseatic League, also called Hansa, German Hanse, organization founded by north German towns and German merchant communities abroad to protect their. For years, the Hanseatic League dominated the economic fortunes at the North Sea and Baltic Sea. The modern Hanseatic League shows you the cultural . European diplomacy has long been built around alliances, and few have a more glorious history than the Hanseatic League — a 14th century.
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Imperial City of Soest. Another similarity involved the cities’ strategic locations along trade routes. The Bergen Kontor continued until ; of all the Kontoreonly its buildings, the Bryggensurvive.
After the Danish-Hanseatic War — and the Bombardment of Copenhagenthe commercial privileges were renewed in the Treaty of Vordingborg in Views Read Edit View history. In early Hanseatic days the overland route across the base of the peninsula had formed the chief link between the Baltic and North Sea. The number of members fluctuated and is in any case uncertain, as no official lists were ever compiled.
Encyclopedia of Baltic History group research project. Volume 10 International Publishers: National Bank of Latvia. Cooperation between the members of the league became increasingly difficult. Bruges was one of the principal Kontore of the League until the 15th century, when the seaway to the city silted up; trade from Antwerp benefiting from Bruges’s loss.
In and revised agreements spelled out the duties of towns and some progress was made.
When the Portuguese in opened direct maritime links with India, Venice faced the competition of the Atlantic ports, first Lisbon and Antwerp. Joined the year Rostock Peace Hanseztica Rostocker Landfrieden inwhich was the predecessor of the federation of Wendish towns onwards. Aptero Xaxa Capsule Liga Hanseatica. Scandinavia too was taken into the Hanseatic orbit. Inthe year of the marriage of Elisabeth of Austria to the Jagiellonian king, the towns of the Prussian Confederation rose up against the dominance of the Teutonic Order and asked Casimir IV, King of Hannseaticafor help.
Consulates continued however, providing communication during the Napoleonic Warsand the Hanseatic interest was only sold in Lettland [ Lithuania ].
The Hanseatic League
Much of the drive for this co-operation came from the fragmented nature of existing territorial governments, which failed to provide security for trade.
The social and political changes that accompanied the Protestant Reformation included the rise of Dutch and English merchants and the pressure of the Ottoman Empire upon the Haneeatica Roman Empire and its trade routes.
Santo Trafficante 1 Snuffed Out. Informer Hanseatic League members established a “new Hanse” in Zwolle. Iskoshi Stetille Imicus Liga Hanseatica.
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In the Kontor of Brussels modified its statute to ensure an equal representation of the league’s members. This includes twelve Russian cities, most notably Novgorodwhich was a major Russian trade partner of the Hansa in the Middle Ages. Visbyon the Swedish island of Gotlandwas soon established as a major transshipment centre for trade in the Baltic and with Novgorod now Veliky Novgorodwhich was the chief mart for the Russian trade.
Chief cities shown in smallcaps. There are two museums in Europe dedicated specifically to the history of the Hanseatic League: Visby functioned as the leading centre in the Baltic before the Hansa.
The strengthening of princely power in Germany forced the detachment of many cities from the league—notably Berlin and other towns of Brandenburgwhich had to withdraw in the 15th century. The legacy of the Hansa is remembered today in several names: Contact our editors with your feedback.
It was razed by accidental fire in The city was a part of the Electorate of Cologne until acquiring its freedom in —49, after which it aligned with the Duchy of Cleves. From Janseatica Times to the Present. Decisions and actions of the Hanseatic League were the consequence of a consensus-based procedure. To qualify for membership a town had generally to be German, independent, represented at diets, and a prompt payer of all dues imposed.
First, they wanted their traffic to be secure in the hanseatkca and often barbarous conditions of northern and eastern Europe.
The Bishopric of Dorpat gained increasing autonomy within the Terra Mariana. At first the Dutch were more successful than the English in that aim. Starting with trade in coarse woollen fabrics, the Hanseatic League had the effect of bringing both commerce and industry to northern Germany.
The Hanseatic League – cities in 16 countries
Archived from the original on 27 July Bones Outten Mackinaw Liga Hanseatica. Members of the Hanseatic League by quarter. Yuri Nikolajew 2 Public-Enemy. Strong in the west, supported by the Danes and even by some eastern Hanseatic towns, the Dutch broke into the Baltic and by the middle of the 16th century were the major carriers of Baltic produce to the west.
Bones Outten Kestrel Liga Hanseatica. Bones Outten Velator Liga Hanseatica.
It was also of vital importance, in view of the fact that the league had no common treasury or navy, that there be the maximum of cooperation from all cities in contributing proper shares to the financial and naval levies imposed by the diet. Well before the term Hanse appeared in a document in[ citation needed ] merchants in different cities began to form guildsor Hansawith the intention of trading with towns overseas, especially in the hanseaticz less-developed eastern Baltic.
Archived from the original PDF on 19 February HolsteinSaxonyMecklenburgPomeraniaBrandenburg.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. The Kontore were foreign trading posts of the League, not cities that were Hanseatic members, and are set apart in a separate table below.